What is at Stake for the Global Economy?
John Lipsky’s leadership at the IMF informs a unique perspective on the challenges facing the global economy—and on the unprecedented efforts underway to confront them. He discusses the prospects for successful international cooperation, and the risks to the economy and to financial markets that would result from failure.
Europe’s Changing Tide: The Impact on American and Asian Markets
With the Eurozone’s financial crisis blazing, the future of the global economy lies at stake. How will actions taken in Europe to combat the growing debt crisis affect the region’s economy? What could be the long-lasting impact on American and Asian markets, and what should business leaders be prepared for? With his expertise in world business affairs, John Lipsky is in a unique position to assess what lies ahead for Europe’s economy, and how it will create ripples in other markets.
A world-renowned economist, John Lipsky’s distinguished career in both the private and public sectors, has earned him the respect and regard of many leaders around the world. His service at the International Monetary Fund coincided with the most challenging era for the international economy in the past 70 years. Having served as the IMF’s First Deputy Managing Director—the organization’s No. 2 Leadership Role – between 2006-2011, as well as Acting Managing Director from May-July 2011, Lipsky was a dedicated and effective leader who sought more effective international cooperation during a period of historic upheaval for the global economy.
Lipsky's sudden accession as the IMF’s Acting Managing Director came at a time of particular stress for European economies, institutions and financial markets. He led the IMF delegation at the 37th G8 summit held in May 2011 in Deauville, France, that also focused on forging a new partnership with Middle Eastern and North African countries following the Arab Spring. Representing the IMF at critical meetings of Eurozone Finance Ministers, Lipsky pushed hard for stronger action to halt the downward spiral, to restart growth and to implement important reforms. His strong stance and steadfast leadership during this period was noted widely at the time in publications like The Economist.
Before coming to the Fund, Mr. Lipsky was Vice Chairman of the JPMorgan Investment Bank. In this position, he advised the firm's principal market risk takers, published independent research on the principal forces shaping global financial markets, was actively engaged with JPMorgan's key clients, and represented the firm around the world with senior public and financial sector decision makers.
Previously, Mr. Lipsky served as JPMorgan's Chief Economist, and as Chase Manhattan Bank's Chief Economist and Director of Research. He served as Chief Economist of Salomon Brothers, Inc. from 1992 until 1997. From 1989 to 1992, Mr. Lipsky was based in London, where he directed Salomon Brothers' European Economic and Market Analysis Group during a time of fundamental and historic shifts in Europe. Mr. Lipsky joined Salomon Brothers in 1984, working closely with Henry Kaufman when Salomon was a powerful and pioneering presence in rapidly growing global financial markets.
Mr. Lipsky spent a decade at the IMF following his graduate studies at Stanford. His key staff assignments were helping to manage the Fund's exchange rate surveillance procedure and in analyzing developments in international capital markets. He also participated in negotiations with several member countries—including Brazil, the Philippines and Peru—and served as the Fund's Resident Representative in Chile during the design and implementation of key economic reforms during 1978-80. While still at JPMorganChase, Mr. Lipsky chaired a Financial Sector Review Group, established by former IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler, to provide the Fund with an independent perspective on the Fund's work on international capital markets.
Mr. Lipsky currently is the Peterson Distinguished Scholar at the Kissinger Center for Global Affairs, and a Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Institute, both part of Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington. SAIS is one of the world’s leading graduate schools devoted to the study of international relations. Mr. Lipsky also serves as Co-Chair of the Aspen Institute’s Program on the World Economy, is the Vice Chair of the National Bureau of Economic Research and of the Center for Global Development, is a member of the Advisory Board of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research (SIEPR) and of the Board of Directors of the American Council on Germany. Mr. Lipsky also is a Life Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He received a Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University.